Due to the regular amending of regulations in Illinois, it is recommended that before hunting you check these CWD regulations, as well as those of any other states or provinces in which you will be hunting or traveling through while transporting cervid carcasses. The contact information for Illinois can be seen below:
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Illinois Department of Agriculture-Centralia Animal Disease Diagnostic Lab
9732 Shattue Road Centralia, Il 62801
618-532-6701 or 618-532-6701
Illinois Department of Agriculture-Galesburg Animal Disease Lab
2100 S. Lake Storey Road Galesburg, IL 61401
1. Boone 2. Dekalb 3. DuPage 4. Grundy 5. Jo Daviess 6. Kane 7. Kankakee 8. Kendall 9. Lake 10. LaSalle 11. Livingston 12. McHenry 13. Ogle 14. Stephenson 15. Will 16. Winnebago
SPRINGFIELD, IL – Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) has been identified in one reindeer in a captive herd in northern Illinois. Affecting cervids (members of the deer family), CWD is a prion disease that causes brain and nerve issues and has proved to be fatal. A prion is an abnormally folded protein that can occur naturally or be acquired through contact with contaminated bodily fluids or a contaminated environment.
Symptoms include weight loss, stumbling, excessive thirst, drooling, and listlessness. An animal cannot be diagnosed with CWD by symptoms alone, as many of these are also indicators of other diseases. The only definitive way to diagnose CWD is through tissue testing after death. There is no USDA approved live animal test available to determine if an animal has CWD.
The affected reindeer was sampled on April 23 during a necropsy after the animal died unexpectedly. Tissues for CWD testing were submitted to the Wisconsin Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory for analysis and the diagnosis was confirmed at the USDA National Veterinary Services Laboratory in Ames, IA on May 9. Samples were subsequently sent for DNA testing with confirmation received on June 5.
Prior to this detection, CWD had only been detected in one free-ranging reindeer herd in Norway in 2016. The susceptibly of reindeer to CWD had been much debated prior to this detection. This is the first known case of a reindeer being confirmed positive in North America.
The herd is a member of the IDOA’s Illinois Chronic Wasting Disease Certified Herd Program and has been placed under quarantine. The Illinois Department of Agriculture is working closely with the herd owner and USDA Veterinary Services to manage the herd.
There is no evidence of CWD being infectious to humans and it does not appear to naturally affect cattle or other domesticated animals.
Full article can be found here: https://www.agr.state.il.us/press.php?fn=chronic-wasting-disease-cwd-found-in-a–captive-reindeer-in-northern-il-2018
Hunters in Boone, DeKalb, McHenry, and Winnebago counties and that portion of Kane County west of Ill. Rt. 47 can participate in the special seven-day Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) Deer Season on Dec. 31, 2009-Jan. 3, 2010 and Jan. 15-17, 2010 to help control deer densities and the spread of chronic wasting disease. Special CWD season antlerless-only permits will be available beginning Dec. 15 over-the-counter for $5 each at participating DNR Direct license and permit vendors. In addition, hunters with unfilled 2009 firearm, muzzleloader, youth deer hunt, or archery deer permits valid for one of the open counties may use those permits to hunt during the CWD season. Hunters using unfilled permits from the 2009 firearm, muzzleloader, youth, or archery season may take deer appropriate for that permit (antlerless-only or either-sex). There will be no manned check stations during CWD season this year. Successful hunters should report their harvest by 10 p.m. on the same calendar day the deer was taken by calling the toll-free telephone check-in system at 1-866-452-4325 (1-866-ILCHECK) or by accessing the online check-in system. Successful hunters are encouraged to have any adult deer tested for CWD by taking it to a cooperating meat processor.
Feeding wild deer could further spread of CWD
SPRINGFIELD- The Illinois Department of Natural Resources (IDNR) is reminding Illinois residents and visitors to refrain from feeding wild deer and other wildlife in areas where wild deer are present. A ban on feeding wild deer was enacted in 2002 as part of the state’s continuing effort to limit the spread of chronic wasting disease (CWD) in the Illinois wild deer herd.
The ban includes food, salt, mineral blocks and other food products, with some exceptions. For example, bird and squirrel feeders close to homes and incidental feeding of wildlife within active livestock operations are exempt from the ban. The ban also does not prevent individuals from planting food plots. For a complete list of the exemptions see the administrative rule 17 Illinois Administrative Code Part 635 on the IDNR web site.
“A person’s instinct may tell them that feeding a wild animal, especially during the winter months, will help that animal survive when in actuality they may be hurting that animal’s ability to find food on their own,” said IDNR Acting Director Sam Flood. “Areas where deer congregate have the potential to contribute to the spread of diseases that are transmitted by animal to animal contact, including CWD and bovine tuberculosis. Eliminating the feeding of wild deer will help control the spread of CWD and other diseases among these animals.”
Feed stores, pet stores and other retail outlets are also advised not to promote the sale of salt blocks, grain or other feed for wild deer.
Chronic wasting disease is a fatal neurological disease found in deer and elk. The disease affects the brains of infected animals, causing them to become emaciated, display abnormal behavior, lose coordination and eventually die.
It is not known to be contagious to livestock or humans.
CWD has been diagnosed in wild, free-ranging deer and elk as well as in captive animals in a number of western states for many years. The first confirmed cases of CWD in wild deer in Illinois were detected in Boone and Winnebago counties in 2002. To date, a total of 240 deer have tested positive for CWD in Illinois. The affected animals were found or harvested by hunters in Boone, Winnebago, McHenry, DeKalb, Ogle, LaSalle and Stephenson counties.
IDNR continues to collect tissue samples from wild deer for CWD testing. As part of the surveillance and monitoring effort, hunters in northern Illinois are asked to voluntarily provide tissues samples from deer they are harvesting during the Special CWD and Late-Winter Anterless-Only deer seasons in January.
Ongoing surveillance for the presence of chronic wasting disease in wild deer in Illinois last fall and this winter has detected 24 deer testing positive for CWD. The IDNR has received results on tests of more than 4,100 deer which were harvested by hunters or taken by IDNR personnel as part of the 2007-08 deer season sampling program. The testing has identified the first positive case of CWD from Stephenson County in northern Illinois. The other most recent cases of CWD were found in deer from Boone (7 deer), DeKalb (6) and Winnebago (10) counties. Results are still pending on more than 2,000 additional samples collected since last fall. The first case of CWD detected in Stephenson County came from a deer taken west of Freeport. IDNR staff members are collecting additional samples from deer in Stephenson County to determine if other sick deer are present. The IDNR began more intensive sampling of deer for chronic wasting disease after the first deer with CWD were found in Boone and Winnebago counties in 2002. Since then, Illinois has recorded a total of 213 deer positive for the disease in Winnebago (89 deer), Boone (82), DeKalb (22), McHenry (16), Ogle (2), LaSalle (1) and Stephenson (1) counties. CWD is a fatal neurological disease found in deer and elk. It is not known to be contagious to livestock or humans.
Archery deer hunters in select counties in northern Illinois are encouraged to allow samples to be taken for chronic wasting disease (CWD) sampling from adult deer they harvest through Nov. 15. The sampling is a very important part of Illinois’ effort to monitor and combat CWD in wild deer. IDNR is asking archery hunters in Boone, Cook, DeKalb, DuPage, Grundy, Kane, Kendall, Lake, LaSalle, McHenry, Ogle and Winnebago counties to participate. Hunters should first check in their harvest through the IDNR web site or toll-free phone system as indicated on their permit. The following locations are serving as CWD sampling stations, taking samples from entire deer or deer heads:
Hunters who participate in the CWD sampling may leave the heads from adult deer for testing at several drop-off sites. Hunters should remove the deer head, leaving the two vertebrae nearest the skull attached. The head should be placed in a heavy-grade plastic bag and kept cool until the hunter delivers it to the drop-off site. The head should be stored on ice or refrigerated, but not frozen. (Tissue samples cannot be taken from deer heads refrigerated more than three days). The following sites are serving as drop-off sites where hunters can fill out a sample submission card and leave the deer heads:
Test results will be posted on the IDNR web site at https://www.dnr.illinois.gov/Pages/default.aspx.
For more information, contact IDNR at 815/675-2386 ext. 316 (Lake, Kane, Cook, Kendall, Grundy, DuPage and McHenry counties) or 815/535-2875 (Boone, DeKalb, LaSalle, Ogle and Winnebago counties).