SPRINGFIELD, ILL. – The Illinois Department of Natural Resources, in cooperation with the Illinois Department of Agriculture, will collect tissue samples from approximately 4,000 hunter-harvested deer to test for the presence of chronic wasting disease in the Illinois deer herd. The sampling will occur at firearm deer hunting check stations in 36 counties throughout the state beginning with the start of the firearm deer season Nov. 22-24.
“This stepped-up testing during our firearm deer hunting season will provide us with important information as we work to limit the spread of chronic wasting disease in the Illinois deer herd,” said IDNR Director Brent Manning. “Hunters who voluntarily allow us to take samples from the deer they bring to check stations in 36 counties will help guide us in selecting the best strategy for dealing with CWD.”
Chronic wasting disease is a fatal neurological disease found in cervids (deer and elk) and is not known to be contagious to people or livestock.
CWD has been diagnosed in both wild and captive deer and elk in the western United States for many years. Earlier this year, tests confirmed the presence of CWD in free ranging deer in Wisconsin and in farmed or captive animals in Wisconsin and Minnesota. The first positive test for CWD in Illinois was confirmed November 1 in a sample taken from an adult female deer discovered east of Roscoe near the Winnebago-Boone county line in northern Illinois.
“While we had already planned this fall to increase significantly the number of animals tested in our ongoing CWD surveillance program, we will test even more hunter-harvested deer now that the disease has been detected in Illinois,” Manning said. “Sampling will occur at select check stations in all parts of the state, with the greatest number of samples being taken from the state’s northernmost counties.”
The 36 counties in which hunters may be asked to provide samples at check stations are Adams, Boone, Bureau, Carroll, Clark, Clinton, DeKalb, Effingham, Fayette, Fulton, Hancock, Jefferson, Jo Daviess, Johnson, LaSalle, Lawrence, Macoupin, Madison, Marion, McHenry, McLean, Ogle, Pike, Pope, Randolph, Rock Island, Sangamon, Shelby, St. Clair, Stephenson, Union, Vermilion, Washington, Whiteside, Williamson, and Winnebago. (See list of county check station locations below). The counties were selected based on their location, deer herd size and the number of facilities raising deer or elk in those areas.
Chronic wasting disease attacks the brain of infected animals, causing them to become emaciated, lose coordination, behave abnormally and eventually die. Brain samples from selected hunter-harvested deer will be taken to the Illinois Department of Agriculture laboratories in Galesburg and Centralia for testing and, in some cases, to the U.S. Department of Agriculture National Veterinary Services Laboratory in Ames, Iowa for follow-up testing.
“In addition to the normal check station routine during the firearm deer season, some hunters will be asked in those 36 counties where sampling will occur whether we can remove the deer head so that it can be tested for chronic wasting disease,” said IDNR Forest Wildlife Program Manager Paul Shelton. “This is a purely voluntary effort, but hunters can assist us immensely by allowing us to take the sample.
“I hope that hunters will view this as an opportunity to participate directly in a very important management program. It should only take a few extra minutes to remove the head and collect some additional information from the hunter for reporting purposes. Participating hunters will be able to check test results on IDNR’s web page, but we will contact any hunter directly in the event that their animal is found to have CWD.”
It is expected that much of the sampling in downstate counties will occur during the first portion of the firearm deer hunting season, Nov. 22-24. In the counties where larger numbers of samples will be collected, it is expected to continue during the second portion of the firearm deer season, Dec. 5-8. Hunters are asked to bring their animals to the check stations as early as possible in order to avoid the long lines that frequently occur during evenings and to ensure that the freshest-possible samples can be collected. Samples will only be collected from adult deer. It is likely that testing of all samples will take several weeks to several months. There is no fee for this testing to the participants in this voluntary surveillance program.
A joint task force involving personnel from the Illinois Departments of Natural Resources and Agriculture was created earlier this year after the discovery of CWD in neighboring Wisconsin. The task force developed the enhanced CWD surveillance plan and regulations restricting the importation of farmed deer and elk as well as hunter-harvested deer and elk from out of state.
IDNR regulations ban the import of hunter-harvested deer and elk, except for deboned meat, antlers and antlers attached to skull caps, hides, upper canine teeth and taxidermist mounts. Skull caps must be cleaned of all brain and muscle tissue.
The state regulations also ban the feeding of wild deer and other wildlife in areas where deer are present. The ban includes salt, mineral blocks, food and other food products, with some exceptions. For example, the incidental feeding of wildlife within active agricultural operations is exempt from the ban, as are bird and squirrel feeders close to homes.
The IDNR also implemented regulations earlier this year regarding interstate transportation of captive deer and elk and the monitoring of deer and elk in captive herds already in Illinois. The regulations complement new rules being adopted by the IDOA for diseased animals.
The Illinois Department of Agriculture plans to provide a chronic wasting disease testing service to hunters who would like to have their deer tested. More information on the testing submission protocol and fees for the service is available on the IDOA web site at the following web address: http://agr.state.il.us/AnimalHW/cwd/submit.html.
Hunters and others who see deer that they suspect might be sick should contact their local IDNR office or the Springfield IDNR wildlife office at 217/782-6384. The Department will make every effort to collect samples from possibly diseased deer for CWD testing.
For additional information on chronic wasting disease, answers to frequently asked questions, IDNR contact phone numbers and Illinois regulations regarding CWD, see the IDNR web site at http://dnr.state.il.us/pubaffairs/2002/CWD.htm.
County check stations at which sampling will occur for chronic wasting disease testing during the 2002 firearm deer hunting season:
Adams Twin Oaks Sportsman’s Club, N. Bottom Rd., Quincy
Boone Boone County Fairgrounds, Rt. 76 and Business Rt. 20, Belvidere
Bureau Willo-B Sports, 2.3 miles west of Princeton on Rt. 6
Carroll Van’s Country Sports, 9452 Van Buskirk Rd., Mt. Carroll
Clark McKillop Archery and Gun, 1/4 mile west of Ill. Rt. 1 on Rt. 40, Marshall
Clinton Eldon Hazlet State Park, 5 miles north of Carlyle on Rt. 127
DeKalb Shabbona Lake State Park, 4201 Shabbona Grove Rd.
Effingham JB Vending, 6 miles south of Effingham on Rt. 45
Fayette Woolsey Bros. Farm Supply, Rt. 185 and 40, Vandalia
Fulton Rice Lake State Fish and Wildlife Area, Rt. 24 westbound, 3 miles south of Rt. 29
Hancock Hancock County Gun Club, one mile north of Carthage on Rt. 94
Jefferson Mt. Vernon Game Farm, 5 miles south of Mt. Vernon off Rt. 37
Jo Daviess Elizabeth Community Building, Rt. 20, Elizabeth
Johnson Veach Truck Stop, Vienna
LaSalle Buffalo Rock State Park, 2 miles southwest of Ottawa
Lawrence Red Hills State Park, Rt. 50, one mile north of Sumner
Marion Stephen A. Forbes State Park, Rt. 1, Kinmundy
Macoupin Beaver Dam State Park, 5 miles southwest of Carlinville
Madison Troy Frozen Foods, 404 East Highway, Troy
McHenry Sportsman’s Choice, Routes 14 and 47, Woodstock
McLean Morraine View State Park, 5 miles north of Leroy
Ogle Castle Rock State Park, Rt. 2, 3 miles south of Oregon
Pike Illinois State Police Weigh Station, Rt. 106 and 54, Pittsfield
Pope Dixon Springs State Park, 10 miles west of Golconda on Rt. 146
Randolph Randolph Co. Conservation Area, 5 miles northwest of Chester on Rt. 150
Rock Island Rock Island Conservation Club, 1.5 miles west of Milan bridge on Big Island Rd.
Sangamon Springfield Police Academy, 3501 Color Plant Road, Springfield
Shelby Hidden Springs State Forest, one mile south and 3 miles east of Clarksburg
St. Clair Green Mill Service Station, 105 N. State, Freeburg
Stephenson Tri-Lake Sporting Goods, Lena
Union 4-H Building at Anna City Park, Anna
Vermilion Kickapoo State Park, north of I-74 west of Danville
Washington Washington Co. Conservation Area, Rt. 127, 4 miles south of Nashville
Whiteside Morrison Rockwood State Park, 2 miles north of Morrison off of Rt. 78
Williamson Crab Orchard Camp Grounds, 5 miles west of Rt. 13 and Rt. 148 intersection, then one-half mile south on Campground Drive
Winnebago Rockford Speedway, Highway 173 at Forest Hills Road